Activated carbon is a form of micro carbon without graphite, which is made from carbon materials such as coal, coconut shell, wood, rice bowls, brown coal, coconut shells, etc. However, this material consists of coconut shells and is considered to be of high quality obtained from other sources.
The material used in ordinary household filters uses activated carbon to effectively remove and filter out contaminants. You can also get activated carbon for gold mining via https://camachem.com/mining-chemicals.html.
It has a large adsorption capacity and affinity for large amounts of chlorine and dissolved organic substances. It can also be adjusted to meet specific requirements.
Image Source: Google
What is activated carbon?
The main raw material for this type of carbon production is an organic material which is rich in wood, coal, coconut shells, and peat. This carbon is obtained from charcoal. This is also called activated carbon, a substance that is processed in a very porous way.
There is a large surface area that is affected by chemical reactions and adsorption. Because of its high porosity, one gram of activated carbon has a surface area of about 2.17 tennis courts, most of which is usually determined by nitrogen gas adsorption.
Although pre-chemical treatments often speed up the adsorption properties of the material, sufficient activation for useful applications is only possible on high surfaces.
Carbon-based materials are converted to activated carbon by a thermal decomposition process in a heating furnace. This oven is used with the help of heat and a controlled atmosphere. However, the resulting residue has a large surface area per unit volume, where adsorption is carried out due to its extensive submicroscopic pore network.